It's always important to know what you should be prepared for in any given situation. Use Fuel Your Preparation's 'Get Prepped' map to get a feel for the risks you might need to keep in mind in your region and around the nation.
Two areas in Scotland hold the distinction of the coldest temperatures in the nation's history.
Recorded temperatures in Braemar in January 1982, and Altnaharra in 1995 plummeted as low as -27.2 degrees Celsius.
The possible risk of becoming trapped for extended periods alongside the potential difficulty of aid reaching isolated areas means the importance of preparation and sufficient stocks can't be overstated.
Outdated and insufficient drainage and sewer systems were blamed as a key factor in the July 2002 Glasgow floods, due to an inability to deal with extremely high rainfall.
At the peak of the flooding, around 1,500 residents in 500 homes were affected. Damage to a number of key roads also made providing aid difficult.
Directly linked to the flood, the waterborne parasite, cryptosporidium was discovered in the Mugdock reservoir leaving 140,000 without safe drinking water.
Because secondary effects such as this often come unexpectedly, we’ve covered how to be prepared for flooding on our blog here.
In 2014, Skye and the Western Isles were affected by power cuts that left 27,000 properties without power.
Access to the Isles is one of the key issues, however. Some areas of Scotland may find themselves completely cut off if bridges are closed due to dangerous conditions, while other parts of Scotland may require ferry access, which may be untenable in times of severe wind and unsafe waters.
Because of the difficulty of access, and difficulty to receive and seek aid in the worst of weather conditions, ensuring you can bunker down safely enough to see through the disruption is vital. If you'd like to know how to create a preparedness plan, we have a guide here.
In 2017, Storm Ophelia left 50,000 properties struggling without power throughout the storm.
The storm was so severe that a yellow weather warning was upgraded to amber, which indicated an increased risk to the general public.
Storm Hector in June 2018 closed approximately 200 roads, causing severe disruption to infrastructure and limiting access to certain areas.
The recent impact of severe weather on Northern Ireland demonstrates why your safety should always be paramount, and you should always be prepared.
The risk of a poorly-handled Brexit poses a number of key risks to Northern Ireland that should be considered and prepared for as much as possible.
While a "No deal" Brexit risks compromises on imports and exports across the country, some areas will find themselves more affected than others.
The economy of Northern Ireland is especially reliant on frictionless trade with the Republic of Ireland, with over 4,000 business exporting their goods into the Republic of Ireland, and total trade with ROI accounting for close to 30% of overall Northern Ireland trade.
As well as this, almost 60% of Northern Ireland's food export is to the Republic. The complexity and backlog that impacts on trade may create, coupled with 91% of NI's agricultural workers coming from the EU, paints a worrying picture over the risk of potential economic damage and shortages. Coupled with the troublesome admittance that the UK government will stockpile food in preparation for No Deal, this shows how important it is to have enough held in store to see through the worst disruptions as best you can.
In 2017, two police forces (Northumbria and Durham) reported the highest increase in crime rates in the whole of England and Wales. Compared to 2016 statistics, Northumbria Police recorded an increase in crime of 33%. While Durham Police recorded an increase of 28% in reported crime.
This increase, coupled with a reduction in policing staff, emphasises the importance of protecting yourself. To learn more about getting prepared for any eventuality, read our blog here.
In 2008, Northumberland town, Morpeth was hit by serious flooding. The flood overwhelmed the town's flood defences and caused £40 million damage. 400 residents were forced from their homes but, due to a fault in the Environment Agency's warning system, almost 200 properties received no flood warning.
This shows that being prepared is crucial, as there's no telling how little time people have to react.
With wells built and ready, fracking in Lancashire looks set to begin within months. Some of the risks associated with hydraulic fracking include increased seismic activity and water contamination linked to the drilling process.
In fact, the resurgence of fracking follows a 2011 ban introduced by the UK government after a report concluded two Lancashire earthquakes were strongly linked to hydraulic fracking.
There is also a fear that fracking contributes to climate change. With so much uncertainty surrounding this controversial issue, ensuring you're prepared is key.
Built in 1940, the Sellafield nuclear power plant is located in the North West, in the county of Cumbria. While Sellafield is still in operation, for certain historic structures on this site, clean-up efforts are well underway, and will be for the foreseeable future.
The Magnox Swarf Storage Pond is the most hazardous building in Western Europe, as cracks have led to radioactive material seeping into surrounding soil in the past. Historically, the 1957 Windscale fire was rated 5 out of 7 in terms of severity on the International Nuclear Event Scale.
In 2017, the Lake District alone had 386 reported incidents that required mountain rescue assistance due to walking excursions. Of those, 55% involved serious injury, while 19 were fatal incidents.
Being surrounded by terrain that can pose such risks to those who aren't prepared surely demonstrates why it's best to be seriously clued-up and prepared for any time spent in difficult terrain, especially as injury risks are far more keenly noted in these kinds of environments.
It's estimated that close to 300 houses within the East Riding of Yorkshire council area will be lost to the sea entirely within the next 100 years.
For the unprepared, this coastal erosion may come unexpectedly, leaving them in dire straits as they try to make provisions to move inland, or this erosion causes damage to vital infrastructure, which could leave some cut off from necessary food and aid.
To find out how to prepare, read our blog about it here.
The Dogger Bank earthquake of 1931 is the strongest earthquake recorded in UK history, measuring 6.1 on the Richter scale.
Despite the strength of the earthquake, little damage was dealt to infrastructure due to the epicentre being located in the North Sea. Had this epicentre been closer to shore or inland, the damage would have been catastrophic.
As it stands, minor damage was dealt to some buildings, and one woman tragically suffered a heart attack. In London, it was reported that the head fell off Madame Tussaud's waxwork model of murder suspect, Dr. Crippen.
The seaport town of Grimsby possesses close historic ties to the fishing industry. During its peak in the 1950's, Grimsby could easily be called the busiest fishing port in the world.
However, the fishing industry saw a stark decline, with fishing wars and TAC quotas as key reasons.
Grimsby now operates the UK's largest fish-processing plant, handling 70% of the UK's fish processing. As the vast majority of this fish is imported, there is a risk that poor handling of Brexit may create import and export friction.
In cases such as this, ensuring you have food and water safely available is vital.
The city of Ripon in North Yorkshire has been identified as a key area of the UK most at risk of sinkholes. Sinkholes are commonly caused by fluctuations in groundwater levels, or water penetrating the ground into the rock below.
Sinkholes can cause significant structural damage with very little warning, which may leave people stranded and isolated, or suddenly needing to evacuate their homes.
Wales received the 2nd largest number of mountain rescue callouts in the country during 2017 with 436.
The vast majority of these callouts were for hill walking incidents, 8 of which were tragically fatal, and a further 138 resulted in serious injury.
While the scenery and surroundings in Wales are wonderful to explore, it's critical to fully understand the risks that you might face while in these environments.
Tackling unfamiliar terrain or areas while not fully prepared can lead to unfortunate disaster which may have otherwise been prevented with due care and consideration.
Some areas of Wales find themselves at high risk of landslips, which can create supply line issues, or cause people to be isolated or trapped, cut off from other villages or vital aid, such as hospitals.
In fact, in May 2018, one road in Neath Port Talbot was closed for two days before access could be restored.
This kind of uncertainty in particular areas of the country shows why it's important to be prepared for the worst with little notice.
The Aberfan Disaster saw environmental issues combine with procedural breaches to create a tragic loss of life in the Aberfan village. Accumulated spoil from nearby mining efforts reaching a total of 34m in height was stored in a tip above the village.
However, the ground the tip was located on was unsuitable — After three weeks of especially heavy rainfall, 110,000M³ of spoil fell and damaged the school and surrounding areas, killing 144 people. Water mains were damaged during the slide, houses directly around the school were destroyed and many were forced to evacuate with no notice as a result of the water and slurry.
During the country-wide flooding epidemic of 2007, many areas of the country were severely affected. During 2007, Worcestershire was impacted by a flooding epidemic.
Even the M5 was affected by the flooding, which led to the motorway closing, leaving hundreds stuck in their cars overnight without provisions.
The entire village of Upton-Upon-Severn was cut off by up to 6ft of floodwater. It was only the intervention of the army which allowed food and water to be provided to residents, which shows how important preparation is for all.
The town of Edgmond in Shropshire holds the record for the coldest temperature ever experienced in England at -26 Celsius.
During one of the strongest blizzards of the century, heavy snow and strong gales battered the country. Shropshire having one of the lowest population densities in the country, alongside poor country-wide infrastructure and the relative isolation that extreme weather can cause paints a stark picture for those unprepared for the unexpected.
Flood risk in the East Midlands is and will continue to be a significant issue faced by many in the area.
A 2009 Flood Risk Appraisal for the East Midlands found that 400,000 people lived in areas considered a flood risk.
A further independent Met Office review found that the region has the highest exposure to flood risk increases linked to climate change.
This fact that so many are at risk within the area, that risk will continue to increase as climate change progresses, highlights the importance of preparedness in such circumstances.
Official criminal statistics show that, in 2015, the town of Boston, Lincolnshire was found to be the most murderous place in the country, with a murder and attempted murder rate of 15 per 100,000 people.
The town's population of 66,000 makes this statistic somewhat less shocking than it may first appear.
This does show the importance of getting a better understanding of what risks might become apparent during times of unrest, disaster, or food supply and shortage issues.
It's estimated that Cornwall stands to lose close to 500 homes to coastal erosion over the next 100 years.
For those who are unaware of the risk they may be in based on their location, many may not be fully prepared in the event that their homes become uninhabitable, they're forced out with little notice, or they find vital infrastructure impacted by the damage erosion can cause to roads, cutting off aid and escape.
For more info on how to prepare, have a look at our blog.
In 2007 the village of Tewkesbury was completely cut off from road access, and a great deal of Gloucestershire was left without power and access to drinking water.
It took the intervention of the army to ensure that inhabitants could stay safely hydrated.
It was 16 days until tap water was once again declared safe to drink for approximately 140,000 affected homes.
When the timeline of aid is so uncertain, and it's almost impossible to know when regular provisions can be restored, sufficient stores of drinkable water and safely stored food should always be kept for scenarios like this.
Cornwall was the landing point of the Great Storm of 1987, one of the most damaging in UK history.
This is notably the storm which BBC meteorologist, Michael Fish famously said wouldn't happen, saying in reaction to worries of an approaching hurricane, "If you're watching, don't worry, there isn't."
With wind speeds greater than 75mph recorded, around fifteen million trees were felled around the country by the storm.
In situations like this there can be no real guarantee when you'll have access to power. We’ve covered how to best prepare on our blog.
During a 2003 heatwave that spread across much of Europe, Faversham in Kent experienced the highest temperature in UK history.
On the 10th of August, temperatures soared to a record 38.5 degrees Celsius. During this particular heatwave, it's estimated that 2,000 more people than usual died.
Notably, this heatwave and associated drought caused an EU shortfall of 10 million tonnes of wheat. Ensuring you are prepared with enough hydration and food for such events is important for your safety.
According to research by MoneySupermarket, Guildford is the area most at risk of burglary.
By analysing over 2 million home insurance quotes, they found that the GU3 district had the most claims for home contents insurance than anywhere else in the country.
Per 1,000 home insurance quotes, 52.31 claims were made for home contents theft. This puts a lot of emphasis on how important personal safety procedures are when it comes to securing your home and your belongings.
The 1928 Thames flood was the last to severely affect central London.
During a high spring tide and storm surge, a large thaw of snow and particularly high rainfall combined to raise water levels in the Thames Estuary 4 feet higher than normal.
4,000 were made homeless as a result of the damage and destruction of their homes.
As a result of the drastic severity of the flood, defences were more thoroughly shored up.
We’ve covered how to prepare for flooding on our blog here.
The London 2011 riots began as a peaceful protest against the police shooting of a resident, yet snowballed into riots that led to over 3,000 arrests over 4 days.
News, rumours, reactions spread like wildfire through various forms of social media, stoked by poor and contradictory official actions and statements from the police.
The riots led to 5 deaths, at least 16 injuries, and an estimated £200,000,000 in property damage. The riots show how little time anyone might have to prepare before something spirals out of control.
The London Borough of Barnet is the area of London most at risk of burglary compared to the rest of London.
Official statistics for 2017 show that Barnet's 9.05 recorded incidents per 1000 population beats the 7.05 average for all of London's boroughs.
Taken in conjunction with memory of the 2011 London riots, this further emphasises that preparation for the unexpected, and ensuring your safety at all times is crucially important.
The UK Government's has identified that the East of England is one area that finds itself at particular risk of flooding.
This is especially true in the areas near and surrounding The Wash bay and estuary, reaching inland as far as Peterborough.
Heavy flooding can cut off access to roads and exit routes to safety, and risks damaging vital infrastructure locally. It's important to ensure you can react with little notice and remain ready for harsh periods.
The East of England was the location the most damaging earthquake in UK history — The 1884 Colchester earthquake.
In the early hours of April 22nd, 1884, a 20 second, 4.6 on the Richter scale earthquake occurred.
During this time, over 1000 buildings were damaged in Colchester and surrounding villages. It's rumoured that between 3-5 people died during this event.
In North Norfolk, it's estimated that the area stands to lose approximately 320 homes over the next 100 years.
Coastal erosion is a long-term process, yet instances such as coastal landslips and sinkholes can happen with little warning.
The structural damage coastal erosion can cause, as well as the potential damage to infrastructure, means that it's always important to know you can be ready to evacuate as soon as possible, or be able to stay safe until aid can reach you.